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Monday, November 15, 2010

Career in Library and Information Science

Librarianship as a profession provides a variety of employment opportunities. Today there are a number of career prospects in Library and Information Science. The qualified professionals are employed in various libraries and information Centers. Trained library professionals can find opportunities for employment both as teacher and as a Librarian. In fact, it is possible to choose the kind of library to suit one’s interest and background. In Librarianship, designations could be Librarian, Documentation Officer, Assistant Librarian, Deputy Librarian, Scientist (Library Science/ Documentation), Library and Information Officer, Knowledge Manager/ Officer, Information Executive, Director/Head of Library Services, Information Officer, and Information Analyst
1.       In School, College, Universities;
2.       In Central Government Libraries.
3.       In the training centers of banks.
4.       In National Museum and Archives;
5.       In NGOs working in different areas.
6.       In R&D Centre like ICAR, CSIR, DRDO, ICSSR, ICHR, ICMR, ICFRE, etc.
7.       In Business Houses.
8.       In Foreign Embassies and High Commissions.
9.       In International Centers like WHO, UNESCO, UNO, World Bank etc.
10.   In the libraries of Ministries and other government departments.
11.   In National Level Documentation Centers.
12.   In Library Networks.
13.   In the newspaper libraries.
14.   In News Channels.
15.   In the Libraries of Radio Stations.
16.   In the Databases provider firms.
17.   In publishing companies for preparing Index, abstracts, bibliographies etc.
18.   In various digital library projects like ‘Digital Library of India’ etc.
19.   In Training Academies.
The role of libraries in providing widespread and inclusive access to knowledge is widely acknowledged. In today’s context, libraries have to play two distinct roles - to serve as a local centre of information and knowledge, and be a local gateway to national and global knowledge. Some of the issues      under consideration of National Knowledge Commission are:
1.       institutional framework of libraries;
2.       networking;
3.       education, training and research;
4.       modernization and computerization of libraries;
5.       maintenance of private and personal collections and
6.       Staff requirements to meet changing needs.
This commission has recommended the formation for the National Library Commission to strengthen the Library networks in India. The Department of Culture (DoC) has proposed setting up a National Mission for Libraries (NML) as a Central Sector Scheme. The NML will cover libraries under the DoC and the activities under it will include: National Census of Libraries; Modernisation including networking of Libraries under DoC; establishing Knowledge Centres and Digital Libraries. Recently under National Mission for Libraries there is a proposal for establishing 7000 libraries having computers with internet facility across the country.
It was recommended that the initial recruitment should be direct at the level of library and Information Assistant. The qualification requirement would be graduation and BLISc degree.
Thus, the scope of librarianship becomes brighter. Career in LIS is multidimensional, ever growing bright and significantly enriching the knowledge base of the society for prosperity and progress.
Courses in LIS 
Certificate course in Library and Information science (CLISc or CLIB) Eligibility 10+2
Diploma course in Library and Information Science (DLISC or DLIB) Eligibility 10+2
Bachelor in Library and information science (BLISC or B.LIB) Eligibility Graduate in any discipline from recognized University
Master in Library and information Science (MLISC or M.LIB) Eligibility BLISc or B.LIB from recognized University
M.Phil in Library and Information science Eligibility MLISC or M.LIB from recognized University
Ph.D in library and Information Science Eligibility MLISC from recognized University
Course nomenclature and qualifying marks in different courses differ from university to university. Earlier the subject was called library science but now due to information explosion professionals handle information. So library science is changing into information science. A few universities have incorporated this word in the course name but not removed the word library. So some universities provide degree i.e. Bachelor in library and Information Science (BLISC), and Masters in Library and information Science (MLISC), M.Phil in Library and Information science and Ph.D in Library and Information Science and some provide degrees like Bachelor in library Science (B.LIB), and Master in Library Science (M.LIB), M.Phil in Library and Information science and Ph.D in Library Science)
The computer and information technology is now being widely used in libraries and information centers to process, store, retrieve and disseminate information. NISCAIR under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi conducts a two-year programme leading to the award of Associateship in Information Science (AIS) and the Documentations Research and Training Centre (DRTC) at the Indian Statistical Institute (Bangalore) offer Associateship in Documentation and Information Science (ADIS).This award is also recognised as equivalent to MLISc degree. These two courses enjoy a good reputation in the employment market. In view of the increasing use of computer and information technology in libraries, several universities in India also have started various courses focusing primarily on information technology and computer.
Universities offering courses in LIS: There are about 80 university departments offering the LIS courses. This course is also available through distance learning mode. Two Sanskrit universities, viz., KS Darbhanga Sanskrit University (Bihar), and Sampuranand Sanskrit Vishvavidyalaya (Varanasi) offer Pustakalaya Vigyan Shastri (9 months) and Granthalaya Vigyan Shastri (One year) courses respectively. Knowledge of Sanskrit language is an essential requirement. LIS are available in the following Universities/Institutes-
1.       Alagappa University, Karaikudi
2.       Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh      
3.       Allahabad University
4.       Annamalai University, Annamalainagar
5.       Awadhesh Pratap Singh University, Rewa
6.       Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow
7.       Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
8.       Bundelkhand University, Jhansi
9.       Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Indore
10.   Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University, Agra 
11.   Dr. Harisingh Gour Viswavidyalaya, Sagar 
12.   Gulbarga University, Gulbarga 
13.   Guru Ghasidas University, Bilaspur
14.   Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
15.   Dr. Harisingh Gour University, Sagar
16.   HNB Garhwal University Srinagar - Garhwal
17.   Jadavpur University, Calcutta
18.   Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 
19.   Jiwaji University, Gwalior
20.   Karnatak University, Dharwad
21.   Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
22.   Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra
23.   Nagpur University, Nagpur
24.   North Eastern Hill University, Shillong 
25.   Pandit Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur 
26.   Panjab University, Chandigarh 
27.   Patna University, Patna 
28.   Punjabi University, Patiala
29.   Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur
30.   Sambalpur University, Sambalpur
31.   SNDT Womens’ University, Mumbai
32.   University of Delhi, Delhi
33.   University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
34.   University of Jammu, Jammu (Tawi)
35.   University of Kashmir, Srinagar 
36.   University of Lucknow, Lucknow
37.   University of Madras, Chennai
38.   University of Mysore, Mysore 
39.   University of Pune, Pune 
40.   University of Rajasthan, Jaipur
41.   Vikram University, Ujiain
42.   UP Rajarshi Tandon Open University, Allahabad (Distance Education)
43.   Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi (Distance Education)
44.   Salaries in Library and Information profession
The salary varies depending upon the nature of the organizations. Many colleges and universities have adopted UGC scales of salary for the library staff. The library staff in the constituent units of large establishments of the Central Government, such as Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) enjoys salary scales similar to those applicable to scientific staff. Opportunities for upwards mobility based on assessment of performance at intervals, make the job attractive.
Persons possessing good academic record and adequate skills in computer and information technology, can look forward to a rewarding career in this profession.
(The Author is Assistant Professor Department of Library and Information Science, University of Lucknow, Lucknow.)

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